Thursday, 30 January 2020


Trials and Tribulations
 A New Malaysian Garden

The initial establishment of a garden rarely runs entirely smoothly. Regardless of one’s planning and research, there are always plant pests, sometimes hungry animals and occasionally adverse weather events with which to contend.

It was March last year (2019). With the construction of the house started and water available, we enthusiastically began planting out our orchard. Our true first plantings included our prized seedling mangoes, including Chokanan and Nam Dok Mai, and a grafted King Thai (Maha Chanok), as well as seedlings (not true-to-type) grown from our beautiful, dwarf Sydney mango. In addition, we popped in two varieties of Macadamia, a lychee, three different varieties of jackfruit and an avocado, about 20 trees in all.

With the warm autumn weather and a regular supply of water, the trees thrived… but this is where a happy story turns sour…

Our prior research had indicated to us that our Mid North Coast location was subject to mild frosts. These, we thought, would present few problems for our young trees. After all, we had faced a similar issue with the establishing of our sub-tropical trees in our former southern garden. So, one day at the end of May, with daytime temperatures still very warm, we purchased rolls of frost cloth to protect the trees from any possible future frost event which might eventuate during the fast-approaching winter.

In the dead of morning, before the dawn following our purchases, it happened: the heaviest frost in local history took place. Minus 3.5C. We drove to our property to inspect our trees: immense damage had been done, but we covered the trees with frost cloth, hoping that they might recover, given time and attention. The next morning another equally devastating frost event occurred.

A valued soft-fleshed jackfruit tree displaying the damage of the frost event. If you look closely to the left of the main trunk, you can make out its regrowth from its roots

These frost events were attributable to the ongoing drought affecting almost all East Coast Australia. With little rain and a lack of evening cloud cover, the risk had become very high, leading to these historic frosts.

For months, we inspected our trees for signs of life, providing some additional water, in the hope that they might revive. In October, with the drought continuing and with pressure on water supplies, we gave up hope: not one of the trees had shown any sign of revival.

Not only had we given up hope with our sub-tropical orchard, but we also decided to stop planting any further trees. With increasingly heavy water restrictions, and insufficient rain falling, we simply could not recycle enough water from showers, sinks and laundry to establish any new plants.

Then, in late October, a new and more worrying threat emerged. Huge tracts of our region caught fire. I won’t go into this in any detail, because this has been discussed at great length in the national and world press. Fortunately, however, we avoided the fate of so many poor souls, who have lost their homes and livelihoods during this horrific climatic ordeal. Our picturesque valley and its beautiful native animals had been spared devastation.

Relief from the overbearing heat and the impending danger of fire came for us on Christmas Day. Heavy rain fell for most of the day, filling our depleted water tank, thereby providing a valuable source of supplementary water while our drought-inspired water restrictions persisted. But this was not the only Christmas surprise…

A few days later, while bucketing water to thirsty citrus trees, I walked past our dead longan tree, noticing a small green shoot emanating from the roots. It was alive. Barely. I checked our other trees. Two jackfruit trees, two mangoes and a macadamia were each pushing out new, tender shoots from the roots. What a relief! The next cargo of bucketed water would be poured around the bases of our six Lazarus sub-tropical fruit trees.
Since Christmas Day, we have had good falls of rain, about 200mm. Our property has quickly greened and our plantings, fruit and ornamentals alike, have kicked along vigorously.

Our seedling of a Malaysian mango pushes out a new shoot. For us, this tree was totally irreplaceable... This is a welcome sight. In the coming months, we might have to build a tent over this special tree 😁

Despite the life-giving rains, our water restrictions persist, and have just been declared at an emergency level, allowing only the use of captured or recycled water in the gardens and orchard. So, further plantings are out of the question until cooler weather returns.

Our pineapples were razed to the ground by frost: some have recovered nicely.

Our story is not an isolated one: large tracts of east-coast Australia are suffering, with local residents and native wildlife wondering when our thirsty rivers, streams and watercourses might be replenished after such a long dry spell. One hopes that a break in the extraordinary conjunction of meteorological events arrives soon!

A happy section of the new orchard, containing lemon grass, young citrus trees and pea eggplant. Note the watering and feeding stations for the local wallabies.

Wishing you hours of enjoyment and contentment in your garden…

Saturday, 4 January 2020


A Garden in Waiting… No Longer                                        A New Malaysian Garden 

The new Colinas Garden is, at last, taking shape.

It is with some regret that I have not posted earlier and more often about progress in establishing the new home and its sustainable garden on our small acreage. The past months, however, have been a busy time. From this point, however, I hope to be more reliable in documenting the transformation of our ‘blank canvas’, the New Colinas, into a sustainable and productive gardening space, which allows for the welfare of our local native wildlife.

A female Bower Bird is a regular visitor to our bird bath... and also a thief of our cherry tomatoes and strawberries.

As I indicated in the post ‘A Garden in Waiting’, we left Sydney behind in March 2018. For a period of about 15 months, we resided in a rental home in a major city on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, carefully tending our potted garden of cuttings and seedlings, most of which had been transported from Sydney.

The construction of the New Colinas home was completed in July 2019. So, we have just begun to settle after six months of unpacking… and planting, of course. Now, I don’t want to bore you with the details of the unpacking, so let’s talk about the gardens…

From July onwards, our first area to be planted effectively was the Citrus Orchard. This included young grafted plants of various orange, mandarin, lime and pomelo varieties, among which was a Marcott of the pomelo tree which we had successfully grown in the Western Sydney garden. Between these young trees, we have planted our first Ginger and Lemon Grass and Pea Eggplants. There might not be enough of these for a harvest this season. However, we planned for a long delay from removal to first harvest by freezing a large quantity of ginger and lemon grass, collected from the Sydney property.

Above and below... Two trees waiting impatiently to be planted: a Wax Jambu, purchased at a local market; and a Nam Dok Mai mango

The Nam Dok Mai was purchased online from Daley's at Kyogle, NSW

Our first successful mango planting took place in September. This beautiful tree had spent six years in a large terracotta pot, and just this week flushed its first new growth of the season. It is a seedling tree of the delicious Kent variety. Unfortunately, it will not produce fruit true-to-type, Kent being a mono-embryonic mango variety. Nevertheless, it will produce acceptable and interesting fruit… I am never afraid of attempting to grow seedling fruit trees.

The long-suffering Kent seedling mango finally makes it into the ground

Aside from the new orchard, we have begun to establish Vegetable and Herb Gardens. These are already providing us with plenty of green vegetables, such as lettuces, chicory, beans and Kangkung, Sweet Potato leaves as well as chillies and capsicums, okra, eggplants and tomatoes, along with a plentiful variety of herbs. 

Our first Herb and Veggie Garden of lettuces, basils, beans, chicory, kangkung, shallots and Mints

Other areas of the garden which are in their infancy, are an attractive Front Garden of low-growing flowering plants and an Asian Senses Garden.

The front garden lines our north-facing veranda

It has been a long wait to rebuild the Colinas Garden in its new location, but this has not been without its trials and tribulations… But, we will discuss those in the next post!

Many plants, fruiting and ornamental, await their turn for planting 
Wishing you hours of enjoyment and contentment in your garden…